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Surg Clin North Am. 1988 Apr;68(2):269-79.

Acute cholecystitis.

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Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee.


Acute cholecystitis is a common cause of the acute abdomen. The diagnosis has been distinctly improved with the development of ultrasonography and hepatobiliary scanning over the past 20 years. The treatment is cholecystectomy, with early as opposed to delayed operation gaining increasing popularity nationwide. Acute acalculous cholecystitis and emphysematous cholecystitis are special features of acute cholecystitis occurring in more complicated cases and requiring diligence in diagnosis and great care in treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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