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Gene. 1988 Oct 15;70(1):97-106.

Molecular cloning and characterization of cellular genes whose expression is repressed by the adenovirus E1a gene products and growth factors in quiescent rat cells.

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Department of Applied Biological Science, Science University of Tokyo, Japan.


Several cDNA clones of cellular genes, whose expression is repressed by the adenovirus type-12 E1a gene products, were isolated from a rat 3Y1 cell cDNA library by differential plaque hybridization with labeled cDNA probes prepared from 3Y1 and the derivative cell line expressing the E1a gene constitutively. The changes in the levels of these gene transcripts during cell-cycle progression from G0 to G1 to S phase were analyzed with 3Y1 cells and gMA cell lines, derived from 3Y1 cells, in which the expression of the E1a gene or its 13S, 12S cDNA can be switched on by the addition of dexamethasone. Quantitation of the transcripts by Northern-blot hybridizations and by nuclear run-on experiments revealed the following. (i) The level of clone-53 mRNA (which turned out to be the fibronectin (FN)-coding mRNA) is very high in resting gMA cells and decreased rapidly after switching on of the E1a gene or its 13S, or 12S cDNA. (ii) The addition of serum or platelet-derived growth factor to resting 3Y1 cells also resulted in a rapid decrease in the FN mRNA level, but the addition of epidermal growth factor (EGF) had little or no effect. (iii) The level of clone-56 mRNA in gMA cells was not affected by the induction of the E1a gene expression; however, the addition of EGF to resting gMA or 3Y1 cells resulted in a decrease of this mRNA after a 12- to 16-h lag period. Induction of the E1a gene expression in gMA cells treated with EGF shortened the lag period. The addition of serum to resting 3Y1 cells decreased the clone-56 mRNA level without a significant lag period.

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