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Poult Sci. 1988 Jul;67(7):989-95.

Genetic analysis of immunocompetence measures in a White Leghorn chicken line.

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Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames 50011.


Immunocompetence of the Iowa State University S1 White Leghorn chicken line was studied. This line was divided into eight sublines based upon erythrocyte antigen B (Ea-B) allele (B1B1 or B19B19), antibody response to glutamic acid60-alanine30-tyrosine10 (GAT) (high or low), and response to Rous sarcoma virus-induced tumors (progression or regression). Antibody responses to Pasteurella multocida (PM), Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG), and infectious bursal disease virus vaccines were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Phagocytic activity and T cell-mediated response were measured by carbon clearance and phytohemagglutinin (PHA) injection assays, respectively. Significant haplotype (subline) differences and sire family differences were observed in all three measurements. Significant sex differences were observed in phagocytic activity and T cell-mediated responses. Haplotypes with high antibody responses to GAT had significantly higher antibody titers to PM and MG vaccines than haplotypes with low antibody responses. Significant positive correlations were observed between antibody levels to the two vaccines. A significant negative correlation was seen between phagocytic activity and T cell-mediated response of females. The data suggest that the total immunocompetence profile of an individual must be considered to select for optimum immune responsiveness.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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