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Acta Med Scand Suppl. 1988;728:119-28.

The cardiovascular risk factor profile in the study area Augsburg. Results from the first MONICA survey 1984/85.

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1
GSF-Medis Institute, München, F.R. Germany.

Abstract

The main objective of the first survey was the investigation of the prevalence and distribution of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and cigarette smoking in the study area. The data-collection phase lasted from October 1984 to May 1985. A two-stage cluster sample of 5312 persons of German nationality was drawn from a population of 282,279 inhabitants, aged 25-64. The data were gathered through interview, physical examination and self-administered questionnaire. A response of 79% was achieved. Sixteen percent of men and 10% of women had high blood pressure (BP) values (greater than or equal to 160/95 mmHg). Only 16% of male and 34% of female hypertensives had controlled BP values. The prevalence of hypercholesterolemia (greater than or equal to 6.72 mmol/L = greater than or equal to 260 mg/dl) was 26% in men and 22% in women. Forty percent of men and 22% of women reported they were current cigarette smokers. Among participants, aged 25-44, cigarette smoking was the most prevalent risk factor in men and women. Thirty-seven percent of men and 52% of women, aged 25-64, had none of the three major risk factors.

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