Send to

Choose Destination
J Comp Physiol A. 1988;163(5):677-83.

Frogs use retinal elevation as a cue to distance.

Author information

MRC Group in Neurophysiology, School of Biology, University of Sussex, Brighton, United Kingdom.


We have investigated the role that retinal elevation plays in a frog's (Rana pipiens) estimate of prey distance. We dissociated retinal elevation from other depth cues by artificially increasing the height of the frogs' eyes above the ground. Frogs then snapped short of their prey in their ventral visual field as if their estimate of distance were determined primarily by the retinal elevation of the image of the prey. The data suggest that the frog assumes its eyes to be about 3 cm above the ground. Other cues modify depth judgements when targets are close to this assumed ground-plane.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center