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J Steroid Biochem. 1988 Sep;31(3):295-304.

Characterization of the nontransformed and transformed androgen receptor and heat shock protein 90 with high-performance hydrophobic-interaction chromatography.

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Department of Biochemistry, Iwate Medical University School of Dentistry, Japan.


The hydrophobicity of the nontransformed and transformed androgen receptor from rat submandibular gland and heat shock protein 90 (hsp90) from rat submandibular gland and liver was characterized by using high-performance hydrophobic-interaction chromatography on TSK gel Ether-5PW. In the absence of molybdate, cytosol [3H]R1881-androgen receptor complexes were mainly eluted in the 1.3 M region (Peak 1) with a small peak in the 0.8 M region (Peak 2) of a descending salt gradient (2 to 0 M) of ammonium sulfate. In the presence of molybdate, Peak 2 was predominant. When labeled-cytosol was applied after being heated at 25 degrees C for 30 min, a third peak (Peak 3) at around 0.64 M ammonium sulfate was newly observed. Peaks 2 and 3 were observed, while Peak 1 completely disappeared with the labeled-cytosol precipitated at 40% saturated ammonium sulfate. The Stokes radius of Peak 1 was 7 nm, and of Peak 2 was 8 nm. Both peaks were retained poorly by DNA-cellulose but bound rather well to DEAE-cellulose. These results suggest that these two peaks represent the nontransformed receptor, indicating that there are isoforms of the nontransformed androgen receptor which are distinguished by their hydrophobic properties and Stokes radii. Peak 3 had a Stokes radius of 5 nm and preferentially bound to DNA-cellulose, suggesting that this peak corresponds to the transformed receptor. These results indicated that the transformation of the androgen receptor accompanies the enrichment of the hydrophobicity of the receptor molecule. Hsp90 purified from rat livers and hsp90 in the cytosol both from livers and submandibular glands were eluted from Ether-5PW at 0.8 M ammonium sulfate, at almost the same position as Peak 2. This finding suggests that the enrichment of hydrophobicity on transformation is due to dissociation of hsp90 from the nontransformed androgen receptor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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