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J Comp Neurol. 1988 Feb 1;268(1):71-83.

Spinal origins of preganglionic B and C neurons that innervate paravertebral sympathetic ganglia nine and ten of the bullfrog.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania 15261.

Abstract

These experiments were designed to characterize the distribution, morphology, and number of spinal preganglionic neurons that selectively innervate the B- and C-type sympathetic neurons in paravertebral ganglia 9 and 10 of the bullfrog. For this purpose, horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was applied to the anterior end of the sectioned sympathetic chain between ganglia 8 and 9. Subsequent retrograde axonal transport of the HRP labeled ipsilateral spinal neurons whose cell bodies form a column having rostral and caudal boundaries that are, respectively, just caudal to the level of spinal nerve 4 and midway between the entry zones of spinal nerves 7 and 8. In all segments, the labeled preganglionic somata were found in the lateral half of the spinal gray and slightly dorsal to the central canal; a position analogous to that of the intermediolateral cell column in mammals. Most labeled preganglionic neurons were multipolar in shape, and the cell bodies lying between spinal nerves 4 and 5 were, on average, larger than those found between spinal nerves 7 and 8. In transverse sections that were cut near spinal nerve 5, the axons of preganglionic neurons could be seen to exit the cord through ventral roots. Counts of labeled preganglionic neurons indicate that an average +/- S.D. of 338 +/- 89 cells innervate ganglia 9 and 10. Selective labeling of preganglionic B neurons, by cutting spinal nerves 7 and 8 central to their rami communicantes at the time of HRP application, revealed an average +/- S.D. of 137 +/- 31 cells that lie exclusively between spinal nerves 4 and 6. By contrast, selective labeling of preganglionic C neurons, by cutting the sympathetic chain rostral to ganglion 7 at the time of HRP application, revealed an average +/- S.D. of 187 +/- 77 cells in an adjacent portion of the preganglionic column that is bounded by spinal nerve 6 and by a point midway between spinal nerves 7 and 8. These results thus demonstrate a clear segmental segregation between the preganglionic B and C neurons that innervate ganglia 9 and 10.

PMID:
3257972
DOI:
10.1002/cne.902680108
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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