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J Histochem Cytochem. 1988 Feb;36(2):199-204.

Calcitonin gene-related peptide in human fetal lung and in neonatal lung disease.

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Department of Pathology, Vanderbilt University, School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232.


The ontogeny of calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivity (CGRP-IR) was evaluated immunohistochemically in 67 human fetal or newborn lungs previously analyzed for calcitonin immunoreactivity (CT-IR). CGRP-IR was present by 10 weeks of gestation in rare, solitary neuroendocrine (NE) cells of developing conducting airways in two of eight first-trimester lungs. During the second trimester, cells with CGRP-IR were found consistently (21/23 fetuses). However, the numbers of positively staining cells did not appear to increase in these fetuses or in third-trimester infants dying of non-pulmonary causes. The highest concentrations of CGRP-IR cells were seen in lungs of premature infants with advancing chronic lung disease associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). CGRP-IR was seen earlier in gestation and in greater numbers of NE cells than was calcitonin immunoreactivity (CT-IR) reported previously in these same fetal lungs (Lab Invest 52:52, 1985). Its presence paralleled that of CT-IR in postnatal chronic lung disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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