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Mol Gen Genet. 1977 Mar 28;152(1):71-6.

Replication of prophage P1 during the cell cycle of Escherichia coli.


We have followed, by DNA-DNA hybridization, the variation in the number of copies of prophage P1 relative to two chromosomal markers when the doubling time of the host cells is modified by a change in carbon source. The ratio of P1/chromosome terminus undergoes a twofold decrease when the cell doubling time increases from 24 to 215 min, whereas the ratio of P1/chromosome origin increases 1.4 fold; both ratios tend towards unity at slow growth rates. This suggests that the replication of prophage P1 is not simultaneous with chromosome initiation or chromosome termination. The chromosome replication time is unaffected by the presence of P1, and remains constant over the range of doubling times studied, with a value of about 4o min. Following amino acid starvation, the P1/chromosome origin ratio increases from 0.7 to 0.9, suggesting that P1 retains the ability to replicate after chromosome initiation has stopped and in the absence of essential amino acids. The results are discussed with reference to similar studies done on F and R1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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