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J Hand Surg Br. 1988 Nov;13(4):466-8.

Complex dislocation of the metacarpo-phalangeal joint of the index finger: a comparison of the surgical approaches.

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Cork Regional Hospital, Eire.


Complex dislocation of the index metacarpo-phalangeal joint almost always requires surgical intervention. Controversy exists as to the most suitable surgical approach to reduction: palmar or dorsal. We reviewed four cases and carried out dissections in eight cadaver hands to compare the surgical approaches. The interposed volar plate was found to be the most important obstacle to reduction. Both approaches were successful in obtaining reduction. The dorsal approach was simple and safe, but necessitated longitudinal division of the volar plate and may carry a theoretical risk of late instability. The palmar approach allows restoration of normal anatomy but the radial neurovascular bundle is always vulnerable.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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