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Am J Vet Res. 1988 Nov;49(11):1894-8.

Disposition and excretion of flunixin meglumine in horses.

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School of Veterinary Medicine, New Bolton Center, University of Pennsylvania, Kennett Square 19348-1692.


The disposition of flunixin meglumine administered IV at a dosage of 1.1 mg/kg was described by a 2-compartment model; the alpha and beta half-lives (t1/2) were 0.61 and 1.5 hours, respectively. When administered IV at a rate of 2.2 mg/kg, the disposition was best described by a 3-compartment model, and the alpha, beta, and lambda t1/2 were 0.16, 1.52, and 6.00 hours, respectively. The zero-time plasma concentrations after flunixin meglumine was administered at 1.1 and 2.2 mg/kg were 9.3 +/- 0.76 and 21.5 +/- 7.4 mg/L, respectively. The bioavailability after oral administration of 1.1 mg/kg was 85.8%. The absorption t1/2 was 0.57 hours, with a peak concentration of 2.50 +/- 1.25 mg/L. The cumulative urinary recoveries for IV and oral administrations were 61.0% and 63.3%, respectively, of the dose for the 12-hour collection period. The final asymptotic points of urine excretion after IV and oral administrations were 406.4 +/- 65.5 and 357.7 +/- 53.5 mg, respectively, which represented 75.5 and 77.5% of the drug accounted for between 30 and 35 hours after administration. Flunixin meglumine was rapidly excreted in urine over a 2- to 4-hour period after drug administration and was highly bound to protein in plasma.

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