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Eur J Cell Biol. 1988 Dec;47(2):283-90.

Amino acid sequence and molecular characterization of murine lamin B as deduced from cDNA clones.

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1
Division of Membrane Biology and Biochemistry, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany.

Abstract

The nuclear lamina is the karyoskeletal structure, intimately associated with the nuclear envelope, that is widespread among the diverse types of eukaryotic cells. A family of proteins, termed lamins, has been shown to be a prominent component of this lamina, and various members of this family are differentially expressed in different cell types. In mammals, three major lamins (A, B, C) have been identified, and in all cells so far examined lamin B is constitutively expressed while lamins A and C are not, suggesting that lamin B is sufficient to form a functional lamina. Because of this key importance of lamin B, cDNA clones encoding mammalian lamin B were isolated by screening murine cDNA libraries, representing F9 teratocarcinoma cells and fetal liver, with the corresponding cDNA probe of lamin LI of Xenopus laevis. The nucleotide sequence of the murine lamin B mRNA (approximately 2.9 kb) was determined. The deduced amino acid sequence of the encoded polypeptide (587 amino acids; mol. wt. 66760) is highly homologous to X. laevis lamin LI (72.9% identical residues) but displays lower similarity to A-type lamins (53.8% identical amino acid residues with human lamin A). Lamin B also conforms to the general molecular organization principle of the members of the intermediate filament (IF) protein family, i.e., an extended alpha-helical rod domain that is interrupted by two non alpha-helical linkers and flanked by non-alpha-helical head (amino-terminal) and tail (carboxy-terminal) domains. The tail domain, which does not reveal a hydrophobic region of considerable length, contains a typical karyophilic signal sequence and an uninterrupted stretch of eight negatively charged amino acids.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
3243285
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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