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EMBO J. 1988 Dec 20;7(13):4075-85.

Release of putative exocytic transport vesicles from perforated MDCK cells.

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European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, FRG.


Mechanically perforated MDCK cells were used to study membrane transport between the trans-Golgi network and the apical and basolateral plasma membrane domains in vitro. Three membrane transport markers--an apical protein (fowl plague virus haemagglutinin), a basolateral protein (vesicular stomatitis virus G protein), and a lipid marker destined for both domains (C6-NBD-sphingomyelin)--were each accumulated in the trans-Golgi by a 20 degrees C block of transport and their behaviour monitored following cell perforation and incubation at 37 degrees C. In the presence of ATP and in the absence of calcium ions a considerable fraction of the transport markers were released from the perforated cells in sealed membrane vesicles. Control experiments showed that the vesicles were not generated by non-specific vesiculation of the Golgi complex or the plasma membrane. The vesicles had well defined sedimentation properties and the orientation expected of transport vesicles derived from the trans-Golgi network.

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