Send to

Choose Destination
J Electrocardiol. 1988 Nov;21(4):361-7.

Vectorcardiogram synthesized from a 12-lead ECG: superiority of the inverse Dower matrix.

Author information

Department of Clinical Physiology, University of Lund, Sweden.


Vectorcardiographic (VCG) criteria for the diagnosis of, for example, myocardial infarction and right ventricular hypertrophy, are superior to the corresponding 12-lead ECG criteria. Contour and rotation of the QRS loops are important parts of these VCG criteria that have no direct counterpart in the 12-lead ECG. Therefore, attempts have been made to synthesize VCGs from 12-lead ECGs for diagnostic purposes. Visual comparison of QRS loops from the Frank VCG and three different synthesized VCGs was made by three independent observers to determine which method produces the most Frank-like QRS loops. The inverse transformation matrix of Dower proved to be the best method of synthesis. Normal limits for some clinically important measurements in VCG interpretation were calculated for this synthesis method and the Frank VCG.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center