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Biochem Med Metab Biol. 1988 Dec;40(3):225-36.

Some mechanisms of nonspecific antiarrhythmic action of phosphocreatine in acute myocardial ischemia.

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Laboratory of Electrophysiology of Heart, USSR Cardiology Research Center, Moscow.


Using isotope-labeled microspheres (diameter 15 microns) it was shown that phosphocreatine at a dose of 300 mg/kg does not affect the myocardial blood flow in the ischemic zone during acute occlusion (5 min) of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) in dogs. Intravenous administration of NaCl hypertonic solution which contained the same amount of Na+ as 300 mg/kg of phosphocreatinine disodium salt prevented the development of ventricular fibrillation during acute LAD occlusion in dogs. Under these conditions excitation conduction velocity significantly increased. Experiments in isolated intraventricular rabbit septum have showed that the addition of phosphocreatine or phosphocreatinine to the perfusion medium at a concentration of 10 mmole/liter increased excitation conduction velocity in ischemic myocardium. However, when changes in perfusate Na+ and Ca2+ concentration produced by addition of phosphocreatine or phosphocreatinine were compensated, these compounds do not affect excitation conduction velocity. On the other hand, the alterations similar to those produced by the addition of phosphocreatine or phosphocreatinine led to the same increase of excitation conduction velocity. The results obtained indicate an important role of the changes of blood plasma ionic composition on intravenous administration of phosphocreatine in electrophysiological and antiarrhythmic effects of this substance during acute myocardial ischemia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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