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J Biol Chem. 1977 Apr 25;252(8):2560-5.

Isolation and characterization of valine transfer RNA from Saccharomyces cerevisiae.


Two procedures for isolating valine tRNA from commercial bakers' yeast were investigated. The first involved: (a) counter double current distribution; (b) chromatography on benzoyl-DEAE-cellulose; (c) reverse phase chromatography on Chromosorb G saturated with trioctylpropylammonium bromide (Oakridge System 3). The material isolated lacked the 3'-terminal adenylic acid residue. The second procedure involved the first two steps above followed by: (a) enzymatic aminoacylation with a partially purified yeast extract; (b) derivatization with N-phenoxyacetoxysuccinimide; (c) chromatography on benzoyl-DEAE-cellulose; (d) reverse phase chromatography, System 3. The product was intact tRNA. It was a mixture of isoacceptors (59:41) differing by a modification (uracil leads to dihydrouracil) at position 48. It was free of denatured material; specific activity 1,825 pmol of valine/A260 unit of tRNA. Sequence analysis confirmed the recently corrected structure (Bonnet, J., Ebel, J. P., Dirheimer, G., Shershneva, L. P., Krutilina, A. I., Venkstern, T. V., and Bayev, A. A. (1974) Biochimie 56, 1211-1213). A preliminary study of the alkaline hydrolysis of the 7-methylguanosine residue that occurs at position 47 showed that at least two products are formed instead of only one as usually quoted in the literature. A rapid, ultramicro, chromatographic system for separating these products and measuring them quantitatively is described.

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