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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1988 Dec;66(12):1505-12.

Recovery from heart failure: structural and functional analysis in a canine model.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ont., Canada.

Abstract

Chronic, rapid ventricular pacing produces congestive heart failure in the dog. Using echocardiography, the features of developing heart failure were analysed and the capacity of this model for recovery was assessed once pacing had been discontinued. Fifteen dogs were studied; nine were paced at 250 beats/min (bpm) to severe heart failure (5.0 +/- 1.8 weeks) and six served as sham controls. In the paced animals at severe heart failure, two-dimensional echocardiography demonstrated a significant increase in diastolic cross-sectional cardiac area (from 11 +/- 3 to 16 +/- 2 cm2, p less than 0.05), associated with a marked fall n area ejection fraction (54 +/- 8 to 21 +/- 8%, p less than 0.05), and significant left ventricular wall thinning (from 6.0 +/- 0.7 to 4.7 +/- 0.9 mm, p less than 0.05). In addition, significant increases in heart rate (77 +/- 7 to 126 +/- 13 bpm, sinus rhythm; p less than 0.05), respiratory rate (41 +/- 13 to 80 +/- 20 cycles/min, p less than 0.05), and body weight (21 +/- 1 to 24 +/- 3 kg, p less than 0.05) were noted. Serum sodium fell (146 +/- 3 to 140 +/- 8 mmol/L, p less than 0.05), while blood urea nitrogen (6 +/- 2 to 10 +/- 2 mmol/L, p less than 0.05) and creatinine (86 +/- 12 to 101 +/- 15 mmol/d, p less than 0.05) increased. Recovery was characterized by rapid improvement such that all measured parameters normalized by 1 week, except for cross-sectional cardiac area which remained dilated up to 4 weeks (14 +/- 3 cm2, p less than 0.05 versus control).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
3228785
DOI:
10.1139/y88-246
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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