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J Mol Biol. 1988 Nov 20;204(2):417-33.

Crystal structure determination, refinement and molecular model of creatine amidinohydrolase from Pseudomonas putida.

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Max-Planck-Institut fuer Biochemie, Martinsried, F.R.G.


The three-dimensional crystal structure of creatine amidinohydrolase (creatinase EC from Pseudomonas putida, a dimeric enzyme with a molecular weight of 97,000, has been determined by multiple isomorphous replacement, averaging over the local dyad and restrained crystallographic refinement at 1.9 A with a crystallographic R-value of 17.7%. The asymmetric unit contains a dimer. The two chemically identical subunits consist of 403 residues each. A subunit is built up of two domains, a small N-terminal and a larger C-terminal domain. The small domain has a central seven-stranded beta pleated sheet with short helices on the outside. The large domain forms a six-stranded antiparallel beta half-barrel with helices on the outside. The two domains are connected by a segment that links two helices. The binding site of the competitive inhibitor carbamoyl sarcosine, a close analog of the substrate creatine, is located in the center of the large domain and partly covered by the small domain of the other subunit. The carbamoyl group is tightly co-ordinated to a water molecule, which presumably represents the nucleophile involved in hydrolysis of creatine. A catalytic mechanism is proposed on the basis of this structure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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