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J Bacteriol. 2020 Mar 23. pii: JB.00064-20. doi: 10.1128/JB.00064-20. [Epub ahead of print]

Fis Contributes to Resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to Ciprofloxacin by Regulating Pyocin synthesis.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Key Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology and Technology of the Ministry of Education, Department of Microbiology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Key Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology and Technology of the Ministry of Education, Department of Microbiology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China wuweihui@nankai.edu.cn zhihuicheng@nankai.edu.cn.

Abstract

Fis is a versatile DNA binding protein that plays an important role in coordinating bacterial global gene expression in response to growth phases and environmental stresses. Previously, we demonstrated that Fis regulates the type III secretion system in Pseudomonas aeruginosa In this study, we explored the role of Fis in the antibiotic resistance of P. aeruginosa and found that mutation of the fis gene increases the bacterial susceptibility to ciprofloxacin. We further demonstrated that genes related to pyocin biosynthesis are upregulated in the fis mutant. The pyocins are produced in response to genotoxic agents including ciprofloxacin and the release of pyocins results in lysis of the producer cell. Thus, pyocin biosynthesis genes sensitize P. aeruginosa to ciprofloxacin. We found that PrtN, the positive regulator of the pyocin biosynthesis genes is upregulated in the fis mutant. Genetic experiments and electrophoretic mobility shift assays revealed that Fis directly binds to the promoter region of prtN and represses its expression. Therefore, our results revealed a novel Fis mediated regulation on the pyocin production and the bacterial resistance to ciprofloxacin in P. aeruginosa Importance Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important opportunistic pathogenic bacterium that causes various acute and chronic infections in human, especially patients with compromised immunity, cystic fibrosis and severe burn wound. About 60% of cystic fibrosis patients have a chronic respiratory infection caused by P. aeruginosa The bacterium is intrinsically highly resistant to antibiotics, which greatly increases the difficulties in the clinical treatment. Therefore, it is critical to understand the mechanisms and the regulatory pathways that are involved in the antibiotic resistance. In this study, we elucidated a novel regulatory pathway that controls the bacterial resistance to fluoroquinolone antibiotics, which enhances our understanding of how P. aeruginosa responses to ciprofloxacin.

PMID:
32205461
DOI:
10.1128/JB.00064-20

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