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Horm Metab Res. 1988 Oct;20(10):609-11.

The effects of ovarian hormones on glucose and fatty acid oxidation during exercise in female ovariectomized rats.

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1
Laboratory for Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics, Faculty of Education, University of Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

The effects of ovarian hormones on glucose and fatty acid oxidation during exercise were investigated in adult female ovariectomized rats. Rats subdivided into 3 groups received intraperitoneal injections of hormones or sesame oil for 8 days. Estrogen (E) treated rats received 17-beta estradiol in daily doses of 2 micrograms. Estrogen and progesterone treated rats (EP) received 17-beta estradiol in daily doses of 2 micrograms and 2 mg, respectively. Control rats (S) received sesame oil alone. After an overnight fast, rats ran at the speed of 25 m.min-1 for 60 min. [U-14C]glucose or [1-14C]palmitate was injected into rats at 5 min of exercise and before 10 min of exercise, respectively. Expired 14CO2 was collected using bottomless chamber on a treadmill belt. No significant differences were found in mean blood glucose, lactate and plasma free fatty acid concentrations after the exercise. Until the end of the exercise 34.7 +/- 2.6 (E, n = 5), 40.8 +/- 2.9 (EP, n = 5) and 43.7 +/- 3.5% (S, n = 6) (mean +/- SE) of 14C which was injected as 14C-glucose was recovered as 14CO2. During 60 min of the exercise 27.5 +/- 1.0 (E, n = 7), 19.8 +/- 2.7 (EP, n = 6) and 25.0 +/- 1.9% (S, n = 6) of 14C which was injected as 14C-palmitate was recovered as 14CO2. A significant difference was found in this rate between E and EP (P less than 0.05). It was concluded that estrogen treatment stimulated fatty acid oxidation compared with the estrogen plus progesterone treatment and tended to inhibit glucose oxidation during prolonged exercise.

PMID:
3220443
DOI:
10.1055/s-2007-1010897
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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