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Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 1988;11(4):235-47.

Centripetal transport of cytoplasm, actin, and the cell surface in lamellipodia of fibroblasts.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.


Wound healing in Swiss 3T3 cultures was investigated with video-enhanced contrast (VEC) microscopy. The formation of protrusions at the leading edge of cells along wound was investigated in detail during the spreading stage, which usually lasted from 1 to 4 hr postwounding. Lamellipodia exhibited a continuous rearward, or centripetal, transport of a variety of cellular constituents at rates of approximately 0.26 microns/sec from the leading edge. The lamellipodia were also the sites of lateral migration as well as extension and retraction of actin microspikes. Actin fibers oriented transversely to the direction of movement were also observed to transport centripetally at similar rates. These fibers may in part give rise to large actin fibers forming at the interface between the base of the lamellipodia and the lamellae. Beads 0.5 microns in diameter attached to the dorsal surfaces of lamellipodia also transported centripetally at rates of approximately 0.21 microns/sec. Thus there is an apparent correlation between transport of a variety of structures within lamellipodia and with surface movements of lamellipodia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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