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Heliyon. 2020 Mar 10;6(3):e03280. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e03280. eCollection 2020 Mar.

Spatial abilities training in the field of technical skills in health care: A systematic review.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, CIUSSS de l'Estrie - Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada.
2
Department of Multidisciplinary Services, Clinical Quality Division, CIUSSS de l'Estrie - Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada.
3
Librairies and Archives Services, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada.
4
School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
5
Cardiovascular Research Methods Centre, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Objective:

To conduct a systematic review of the effect of interventions on spatial abilities in the field of technical skills in health care.

Methods:

A literature search was conducted up to November 14, 2017 in Scopus and in several databases on EBSCOhost platform. Citations were obtained, articles related to retained citations were reviewed and a final list of included studies was identified. Methods in the field of technical skills relating an intervention to spatial abilities test scores between intervention groups or obtained before and after the intervention were identified as eligible. The quality of included studies was assessed and data were extracted in a systematic way.

Results:

A series of 5513 citations was obtained. Ninety-nine articles were retained and fully reviewed, yielding four included studies. No difference in the Hidden Figure Test score after one year was observed after residency training in General Surgery of at least nine months. A first-year dental curriculum was not found to elevate the Novel Object Cross-Sections Test score (P = 0.07). A two-semester learning period of abdominal sonography was found to increase the Revised Minnesota Paper Form Board Test score (P < 0.05). A hands-on radiology course using interactive three-dimensional image post-processing software consisting of seven two-hour long seminars on a weekly basis was found to amplify the Cube Perspective Test score (P < 0.001).

Conclusion:

Spatial abilities tests scores were enhanced by courses in abdominal sonography and hands-on radiology, but were not improved by residency training in General Surgery and first-year dental curriculum.

KEYWORDS:

Health care education; Health profession; Medical education; Spatial abilities; Surgical education; Systematic review; Technical skills

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