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Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2020 Mar 6;54(3):301-305. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-9624.2020.03.011.

[Genomic recombination of the vibrio cholerae serogroup O1 El Tor pandemic strains].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control/National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

Objective: To analyze the genomic recombination of the vibrio cholerae serogroup O1 El Tor pandemic strains. Methods: A total of 292 complete or draft genome sequences of Vibrio cholerae O1 serogroup El Tor strains isolated from 1937 to 2015 were selected from National Biotechnology Information Center database. The genome alignment of strains was computed by snippy software by using N16961 as reference sequence. Then ClonalFrameML software was used to do the recombinant analysis. The wilcox.test function in agricolae package was used to compare the number recombinant segments and the total length of recombinant regions between small and large chromosomes. The kruskal function was used to compare the number recombinant segments and the total length of recombinant regions among different isolation continents. The KOBAS tool was used to do the gene ontology enrichment analysis of recombinant hotspot genes. Results: Of all 292 strains of Vibrio cholerae, 163 strains (55.8%) were recombined. The median of normalized recombinant segment number of small chromosome was 4.7×10(-6) (9.3×10(-7), 2.0×10(-5)), which was significantly larger than that of large chromosome [2.4×10(-6) (3.4×10(-7), 5.7×10(-6))] (P<0.001). The median (P(25),P(75)) of recombinant segment number of strains isolated from Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and South America were 23(1.0,33.0), 1.0(0.0,34.0), 6.0(2.0,13.0), 0.0(0.0,1.0) and 29.5(6.8,56.8), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). The median (P(25),P(75)) of total length of recombinant regions of strains isolated from Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and South America were 233.0(4.0, 461.0), 11.0(0.0, 695.5), 56.0(4.0,111.0), 0.0(0.0,9.0) and 347.5(132.8,1 323.5) bp, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). Gene ontology Enrichment analysis showed that the functions of 62 recombinant hotspot genes were mainly enrichment in chemotaxis, taxis, response to external stimulus, receptor activity and molecular transducer activity. Conclustion: In this study, we found that there were significant differences in the number of recombinant fragments and the length of recombinant regions between large and small chromosomes of Vibrio cholerae El Tor. We also found significant differences in the number of recombinant fragments and the total length of recombinant regions among different continents.

KEYWORDS:

Chromosomes; Gene recombination; Genome; Vibrio cholerae

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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