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Pediatr Diabetes. 2020 Mar 17. doi: 10.1111/pedi.13008. [Epub ahead of print]

Different alterations of glomerular filtration rate and their association with uric acid in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes or with overweight/obesity.

Author information

1
Servicio de Diabetes y Nutrición Infanto-Juvenil, Complejo Médico Churruca-Visca, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
2
Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
3
Laboratorio Central, Complejo Médico Churruca-Visca, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
4
Biomarkers and Nutrimetabolomics Laboratory, Department of Nutrition, Food Sciences and Gastronomy, Food Technology Reference Net (XaRTA), Nutrition and Food Safety Research Institute (INSA), Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
5
CIBER de Fragilidad y Envejecimiento Saludable (CIBERfes), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Hyperfiltration (HF) occurs early in diabetes or obesity (OB)-associated renal disease. Alterations of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in childhood OB remain unclear.

OBJECTIVES:

To compare the prevalence of GFR alterations and its association with uric acid in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) vs overweight (OW)/OB.

METHODS:

Cross-sectional study of 29 youths (aged: 13 ± 2 years) with T1D (disease duration: 7 ± 3 years) and 165 with OW/OB (aged: 11 ± 3 years). Patients with an albumin-creatinine ratio >3.39 mg/mmol were excluded. GFR was estimated with creatinine-cystatin C Zappitelli equation. HF and low GFR were defined by a GFR > 135 and <90 mL/min.1.73 m2 , respectively.

RESULTS:

HF was higher in children with T1D vs OW/OB (28% vs 10%, P < .005). Children with OW/OB also showed a 10% of low GFR. In patients with T1D, HbA1c (β = .8, P < .001), and systolic blood pressure (β = 11.4, P < .005) were independent predictors of GFR (R2 = .65). In OW/OB, HF cases were almost limited to prepubertal children and low GFR to pubertal ones. GFR in OW/OB was associated with age (β = -2.2, P < .001), male sex (β = -11.6, P < .001), and uric acid (β = -.05, P < .001) in adjusted models (R2 = .33).

CONCLUSIONS:

GFR alterations were different between youths with T1D and with OW/OB. Higher uric acid, older age, and puberty were related to lower GFR values in OW/OB children. Longitudinal studies will determine if low GFR is consequence of a rapid GFR decline in pediatric patients with OW/OB.

KEYWORDS:

children; diabetes; hyperfiltration; obesity; renal disease; uric acid

PMID:
32181971
DOI:
10.1111/pedi.13008

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