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J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2020 Jan-Mar;38(1):56-63. doi: 10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_178_19.

Comparison of shear bond strength of light cure mineral trioxide aggregate and light cure calcium hydroxide with nanofilled composite: A stereomicroscopic and scanning electron microscope analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
2
Department of Dental Materials, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Objective:

The quest for ideal pulp capping materials has given rise to the development of newer materials such as light cure mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). The bond strength of the pulp capping materials with overlying restoration is one among the several factors that are critical for the success of vital pulp therapy. Hence, we conducted this study to evaluate and compare the shear bond strength (SBS) of light cure MTA and light cure calcium hydroxide with nanofilled composite.

Materials and Methods:

Thirty acrylic blocks each with a central hole were prepared to uniform dimensions and randomly distributed into two equal groups. In Group I, light cure MTA, and in Group II, light cure calcium hydroxide was used as pulp capping materials. After the application of adhesive system, nanofilled composites were applied onto the pulp capping material using a cylindrical plastic matrix. The SBS was tested on a universal testing machine (Instrom 3366, UK) at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The samples were examined under stereomicroscope and scanning electron microscope to analyze different modes of failure.

Results:

The results were statistically analyzed using independent sample t-test. Light cure MTA attained the mean SBS of 6.54 MPa and light cure calcium hydroxide attained the mean SBS of 6.56 MPa. There was no significant difference statistically in SBS of both the materials (P < 0.05). The modes of failure were predominantly mixed failure followed by cohesive failure within the restorative material in both Group I and II.

Conclusion:

The results of the study suggest that the SBS of light cure MTA and light cure calcium hydroxide is comparable. The modes of failure analyzed in both light cure MTA and light cure calcium hydroxide are not significantly different statistically. Hence, both materials can be successfully used as pulp capping material with nanofilled composite.

KEYWORDS:

Dental pulp; nanofilled composites; pulp capping; shear bond strength

PMID:
32174630
DOI:
10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_178_19
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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