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J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2020 Jan-Mar;38(1):20-25. doi: 10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_37_20.

Comparison of impact of oral hygiene instructions given via sign language and validated customized oral health education skit video on oral hygiene status of children with hearing impairment.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Sharad Pawar Dental College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed to be University), Wardha, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

Introduction:

Children with special health-care needs have limitations in oral hygiene performance due to their potential motor, sensory, and intellectual disabilities and so are more prone to have compromised oral health.

Aim:

This study aimed to compare the impact of oral hygiene instructions given via sign language and a validated customized oral health education skit video on oral hygiene status of children with hearing impairment (CHI).

Settings and Design:

Ethical clearance was obtained from the institutional ethical committee for research activities. The study was carried out across CHI schools of Wardha district, Maharashtra, India.

Methodology:

Sixty-eight CHI, within the age group of 6-13 years, were divided into two educational intervention groups: customized oral health educational video (Group A) and sign language (Group B). A structured questionnaire was designed to gather information about the routine oral hygiene practices via the Indian Sign Language. Baseline Gingival Index (GI)-S and Plaque Index-S indices were recorded. Based on the group assigned, oral hygiene instructions were given on a daily basis. Reassessment was done after 4 weeks.

Statistical Analysis:

Unpaired t-tests were performed (P < 0.05) to determine if significant differences exist between the two groups.

Results:

Postintervention plaque scores between Group A and Group B were 0.12 ± 0.22 and 0.07 ± 0.22, respectively, and the difference between the two was statistically insignificant (P = 0.330). For GI, scores in Group A and Group B were 0.03 ± 0.12 and 0.04 ± 0.12, respectively, and the difference was statistically insignificant (P = 0.669).

Conclusion:

Both sign language and the validated customized video modeling have been proved to be positively influencing the oral hygiene status of CHI equivalently.

KEYWORDS:

Children with hearing impairment; oral hygiene instructions; sign language; validated customized oral health education skit video

PMID:
32174625
DOI:
10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_37_20
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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