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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2020 Apr;68(4):615-619. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_963_19.

Intraoperative injection versus sponge-applied mitomycin C during trabeculectomy: One-year study.

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Department of Glaucoma, Aravind Eye Hospital and Post Graduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India.



To determine the safety and efficacy of mitomycin C (MMC) injection versus sponge during trabeculectomy.


It is a prospective analysis of patients who underwent trabeculectomy with MMC and followed up for 1 year, divided into two groups, namely, group 1- injection (n = 21), group 2-> sponge (n = 21). The same concentration of MMC was used for both groups. Inclusion criteria were trabeculectomies with MMC for intraocular pressure (IOP) control in eyes with glaucoma (primary + secondary) with a follow-up of 1 year.


Mean preoperative IOP in group 1 was 29.00 ± 11.92 mmHg and group 2 was 25.87 ± 11.09 mmHg, which reduced to 12.19 ± 4.03 and 15.56 ± 10.72 mmHg at final visit with P value of 0.0002 and 0.001, respectively. Mean preoperative number of antiglaucoma medications was 2.4 ± 0.87 in group 1 and 2.3 ± 0.96 in group 2, which reduced to 0.38 ± 0.5 and 0.91 ± 0.85 with P value of 0.001 and 0.0003, respectively. The complete success rate was 52.4% in the injection group and 26.1% in the sponge group at end of 1 year. Overall, success rate (complete + qualified) was 90.5% and 87% in group 1 and group 2 at final visit. All major complications were encountered in sponge group. 1 (11.1%) patient developed choroidal detachment and one had malignant glaucoma which got resolved by medical management. 33.3% cases had encapsulated bleb which received bleb needling. 44.4% cases underwent Argon laser suture lysis postoperatively.


The MMC injection may be as safe and as effective as conventional sponge application with comparable estimated complete treatment success.


Injectable mitomycin C; sponge soaked mitomycin C; trabeculectomy

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