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J Vet Med Educ. 2020 Mar 12:e20190049. doi: 10.3138/jvme.2019-0049. [Epub ahead of print]

Comparing Two Resources Used to Teach Pulmonary Patterns for a Flipped Veterinary Radiology Course.


The flipped classroom has been gaining momentum within medical education circles. Pre-class assignments are an important component of this pedagogical approach. In this study, a section of the introductory course to veterinary medical imaging was taught using a flipped classroom, and the effectiveness of two different pre-classroom assignments was evaluated. The pre-classroom assignments consisted of either short videos or readings. Both had similar content, which included basic information about pulmonary patterns of disease on chest radiographs. Learning outcomes were assessed by in-classroom and final examination questions. Student learning self-assessments and student satisfaction were also evaluated via an online survey. Students in the video group answered more of the in-classroom questions correctly (71% video vs. 63% reading group; p = .01) and had higher scores on the final examination (83% video vs. 75% reading group; p = .02). There was also a higher student satisfaction with the videos versus the reading assignment. However, we found no significant difference in the student self-assessments of learning or participation in class. An additional finding of this study related to the ongoing difficulties students were having with the learning objectives, including differentiating a pathological process from a normal, or normal variant, recognizing the different pulmonary patterns, and developing a differential diagnoses list, despite the pre-classroom assignments and large group learning sessions. This speaks to the difficulty in developing confidence in pulmonary pattern recognition on chest radiographs, a skill that requires considerable training and time investment.


educational methods; radiology


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