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FASEB J. 2020 Mar 12. doi: 10.1096/fj.201900738RR. [Epub ahead of print]

Association between maternal omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids supplementation and preterm delivery: A proteomic study.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Molecular Nephrology, IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, Italy.
2
Core Facilities - Clinical Proteomics and Metabolomics, IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, Italy.
3
Department of Medicine and Aging Science, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Università G. d'Annunzio, Chieti-Pescara, Italy.
4
UO of Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, Italy.
5
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, Italy.
6
Dipartimento di Farmacia (DIFAR), Università di Genova, Genoa, Italy.

Abstract

Maternal nutrition during pregnancy influences offspring health. Dietary supplementation of pregnant women with (n-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) was shown to exert beneficial effects on offspring, through yet unknown mechanisms. Here, we conducted a dietary intervention study on a cohort of 10 women diagnosed with threatened preterm labor with a nutritional integration with eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids. Microvesicles (MV) isolated form arterial cord blood of the treated cohort offspring and also of a randomized selection of 10 untreated preterm and 12 term newborns, were characterized by dynamic light scattering and analyzed by proteomic and statistical analysis. Glutathione synthetase was the protein bearing the highest discrimination ability between cohorts. ELISA assay showed that glutathione synthetase was more abundant in cord blood from untreated preterm compared to the other conditions. Assay of free SH-groups showed that serum of preterm subjects was oxidized. Data suggest that preterm suffer from oxidative stress, which was lower in the treated cohort. This study confirms that MV are a representative sample of the individual status and the efficacy of dietary intervention with PUFA in human pregnancy in terms of lowered inflammatory status, increased gestational age and weight at birth.

KEYWORDS:

docosahexaenoic acids; eicosapentaenoic acids; glutathione synthetase; microvesicles; premature birth

PMID:
32162735
DOI:
10.1096/fj.201900738RR

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