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Soz Praventivmed. 1988;33(3):173-80.

[Are females healthier than males? On the health status of females in West Germany].

[Article in German]

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Bremer Institut für Präventionsforschung und Sozialmedizin, Bremen.


Women live longer than men - are they healthier than men or do they live better than men? Morbidity data indicate that men and women differ regarding the types of illnesses they undergo. The life-expectancy for females is not the only indicator for a better or healthier life. Women feel more affected by health problems than man (indicators a.o.: complaints, handicaps to daily activities, use of medication). Objective morbidity data are insufficient but indicate significant disease occurrence in women (indicators a.o.: contacts with the physicians, self-reported history of diseases). Based on epidemiological studies the hypotheses of biological protective factors have not been proved or refuted. Women have a lower CVD-risk factor profile than men. Cluster analyses of the first Bremen health survey separated women into four groups related to health behaviour and risk status. The group with the highest risk factor prevalence had also the most social and family stress. For further research about women we have to work on epidemiological data as well as on qualitative and theoretical research on women and health.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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