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J Educ Perioper Med. 2019 Oct 1;21(4):E630. eCollection 2019 Oct-Dec.

Financial Incentive, in Place of Nonclinical Time, Increases Faculty Involvement and Improves Resident Didactic Evaluation Scores in an Anesthesiology Residency Training Program.



Providing clinical faculty to lead high-quality resident didactic sessions remains a challenge for academic departments that host graduate medical education training programs. In an effort to both reduce costs and to continue to recruit faculty to give lectures, our department began to incentivize clinicians with a $500 stipend in place of a nonclinical day to present didactics. Our hypothesis is that with financial incentive, more attendings would present didactics and the quality would improve.


Residents routinely evaluate all didactic sessions using a Likert scale of 1 to 5. Residents also answer yes or no to indicate whether the presenter should return. We compared academic year (AY) 2016, in which faculty were incentivized with nonclinical time, with AY 2017 and AY 2018, in which incentive came in the form of a $500 stipend. For each, the mean Likert score and percentage of positive responses for lecturer returning were calculated. A 1-way ANOVA and post hoc t tests were performed to determine significant changes.


Comparing AY 2016 (before the incentive switch) with AY 2017 and AY 2018, there was more faculty involvement in resident didactic after implementing the financial incentive. The quality of lectures also improved after the incentive switch, according to resident evaluations. There were higher overall Likert scores in AY 2018 and a higher percentage of positive responses to the question of whether presenters should return in AY 2017 and AY 2018, compared with AY 2016.


After implementation of a financial incentive in place of nonclinical time, more faculty became involved in lectures and overall lecture quality improved as measured by resident evaluations.


Didactics; anesthesiology; incentive; nonclinical; residency


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