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Int J Surg. 2020 Feb 26;76:71-76. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2020.02.034. [Epub ahead of print]

World Health Organization declares global emergency: A review of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19).

Author information

1
Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom.
2
UCL Medical School, University College London, United Kingdom.
3
Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: niamh@ijspg.com.
4
GKT School of Medical Education, King's College London, United Kingdom.
5
Barts Health NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

An unprecedented outbreak of pneumonia of unknown aetiology in Wuhan City, Hubei province in China emerged in December 2019. A novel coronavirus was identified as the causative agent and was subsequently termed COVID-19 by the World Health Organization (WHO). Considered a relative of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), COVID-19 is caused by a betacoronavirus named SARS-CoV-2 that affects the lower respiratory tract and manifests as pneumonia in humans. Despite rigorous global containment and quarantine efforts, the incidence of COVID-19 continues to rise, with 90,870 laboratory-confirmed cases and over 3,000 deaths worldwide. In response to this global outbreak, we summarise the current state of knowledge surrounding COVID-19.

KEYWORDS:

COVID-19; Global health emergency; Novel coronavirus; Viral transmission; Wuhan

PMID:
32112977
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijsu.2020.02.034

Conflict of interest statement

Declaration of competing interest No conflicts of interest to declare.

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