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J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2020 Feb 26. pii: S2213-2198(20)30160-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2020.02.011. [Epub ahead of print]

Asthma Across Childhood: Improving Adherence to Asthma Management from Early Childhood to Adolescence.

Author information

1
Center for Healthcare Research in Pediatrics, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, Mass.
2
Allergy Center, CUF Descobertas Hospital, CUF Academic and Research Medical Center, Lisbon, Portugal.
3
Center for Healthcare Research in Pediatrics, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, Mass. Electronic address: ann.wu@childrens.harvard.edu.

Abstract

Asthma affects nearly 6 million US children. Throughout childhood, children undergo a series of biological, developmental, and psychosocial changes. Thus, factors influencing a child's asthma management differ across 3 essential stages-early childhood (0-5 years), school-aged years (5-12 years), and adolescence (12-18 years)-and require varied intervention by parents, school personnel, clinicians, and the children themselves. Because asthma care in children is characterized by fluctuations in severity and coordination among many stakeholders, optimal asthma control is difficult to achieve in this young population. Challenges in childhood asthma management are reflected in the low rates of children's adherence to medication regimes. Although pharmacological and biological factors addressing age in physicians' treatment choices are well outlined, age-specific approaches to patient-provider communication and asthma-related interventions are also important in improving quality of life for patients with pediatric asthma.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescence; Asthma; Childhood; Management

PMID:
32112922
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaip.2020.02.011

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