Send to

Choose Destination
Low Urin Tract Symptoms. 2020 Feb 28. doi: 10.1111/luts.12306. [Epub ahead of print]

Lower urinary tract symptoms and related factors in female university students.

Author information

Department of Family Medicine, Medical Faculty, Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Faculty, Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey.
Department of Urology, Medical Faculty, Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey.



Our study aims to determine the symptoms and frequency of lower urinary tract in female university students and its related factors.


This cross-sectional study was conducted between January and June 2017. To determine their sociodemographic characteristics and toilet habits, the Bristol Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms questionnaire, a 21-item questionnaire, was applied to female university students accepting to participate in the study using the face-to-face interview method.


The study was completed with 1091 individuals. The mean age of the participants was 20.27±1.69 years. The question "Do you feel a sudden urination sensation and run to the toilet?" was answered by 1.1% (n: 12) of the participants with "Always," while 34.8% (n: 380) replied "Never." In terms of feeling a sudden urination sensation, 0.5% (n: 6) of the participants stated that they "always" experience micturition, while 15.0% (n: 164) answered with "Seldom." The complaint of being unable to empty their bladder completely while urinating was higher in students with constipation problems (P .04) and a body mass index (BMI) > 24.9 (P .02).


Lower urinary tract complaints are a common problem. We believe that routine medical screening should be performed for female university students whose living conditions change when they start university; besides, we suggest that well-attended and repeatable training programs for healthy living behaviors, urinary habits, and hygiene should be organized for university students.


female university students; lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS); training programs


Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center