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Chirurg. 2020 Mar;91(3):269-280. doi: 10.1007/s00104-020-01144-4.

[Intestinal stomata].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Klinik und Poliklinik für Allgemein‑, Viszeral‑, Thorax- und Gefäßchirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Bonn, Venusberg-Campus 1, 53127, Bonn, Deutschland.
2
Klinik und Poliklinik für Allgemein‑, Viszeral‑, Thorax- und Gefäßchirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Bonn, Venusberg-Campus 1, 53127, Bonn, Deutschland. burkhard.stoffels@ukbonn.de.

Abstract

An intestinal stoma (greek στὁμα, stoma: mouth, opening) is a surgically created opening of a gut section through the abdominal wall, which serves as an artificial intestinal exit for excretion of feces (synonym preternatural anus). A stoma of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is often surgically created at the distal small intestine (ileostomy) and the colon (colostomy). Temporary or permanent deviation of fecal excretion may be required to treat various pathological conditions (e.g. congenital anomalies, ileus, inflammatory bowel diseases, posttraumatic, diverticulitis, colorectal malignancy). The creation of an end vs. a loop stoma is technically different. To achieve sufficient patient satisfaction close collaboration between surgeons, professional stoma care with guidance and training as well as support from self-help groups are required. In this way serious stoma-related complications can be avoided.

KEYWORDS:

Ostomy; Ostomy indications; Stoma care; Stoma type; Stoma-related complications

PMID:
32110815
DOI:
10.1007/s00104-020-01144-4

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