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Lung India. 2020 Mar-Apr;37(2):107-113. doi: 10.4103/lungindia.lungindia_179_19.

Bronchoscopic device closure of postoperative bronchopleural fistulae: Novel devices and innovative techniques.

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Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Military Hospital (CTC), Pune, Maharashtra, India.
Department of Interventional Radiology, Excelcare Hospitals, Guwahati, Assam, India.
Department of Radiology, Military Hospital (CTC), Pune, Maharashtra, India.
Department of Microbiology, Military Hospital (CTC), Pune, Maharashtra, India.



Bronchoscopic device closure plays a significant role in the nonsurgical management of bronchopleural fistulae (BPF). Herein, we describe our 10-year experience in the management of postoperative BPF using various device closure modalities. This is the largest series of bronchoscopic device closure of BPF being reported from India.

Materials and Methods:

This was a retrospective analysis of data of patients who underwent bronchoscopic device closure with various techniques for the management of postoperative BPF. In total, 11 patients (six males and five females) with a mean age (┬▒standard deviation) of 42.72 ┬▒ 14.40 years with BPFs were treated with various bronchoscopic interventions for BPF closure. We used various devices such as endobronchial coils, occluder devices, and covered tracheobronchial self-expandable stents for BPF closure depending on the size of air leaks. We describe the various devices used, technique, and outcome of bronchoscopic management of BPF.


All our patients had developed BPFs postoperatively. Pulmonary tuberculosis was the most common etiology seen in nine of our patients. All the devices were placed using a fiberoptic bronchoscope, and all patients were followed up for a minimum duration of 6 months. We successfully localized and closed BPFs in nine (81.81%) of our patients.


Bronchoscopic device closure can be a successful strategy to manage postoperative BPF with minimal complications.


Bronchoscopic device closure; postoperative bronchopleural fistulae; therapeutic bronchoscopy

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