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Bioelectromagnetics. 2020 Apr;41(3):230-240. doi: 10.1002/bem.22256. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Design and Dosimetric Analysis of an Exposure Facility for Investigating Possible Effects of 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi Signals on Human Sleep.

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Seibersdorf Laboratories, Seibersdorf, Austria.
Competence Center of Sleep Medicine, Charité-Universitaetsmedizin, Berlin, Germany.


A new head exposure system for double-blind provocation studies investigating possible effects of 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi exposure on human sleep was developed and dosimetrically analyzed. The exposure system includes six simultaneously radiating directional antennas arranged along a circle (radius 0.6 m) around the test subject's head, and enables a virtually uniform head exposure, i.e. without any preferred direction of incidence, during sleep. The system is fully computer-controlled and applies a real wireless local area network (WLAN) signal representing different transmission patterns as expected in real WLAN scenarios, i.e. phases of "beacon only" as well as phases of different data transmission rates. Sham and verum are applied in a double-blind crossover study design and all relevant exposure data, i.e. forward and reverse power at all six antenna inputs, are continuously recorded for quality control. For a total antenna input power (sum of all antennas) of 220 mW, typical specific absorption rate (SAR) in cortical brain regions is approximately 1-2 mW/kg (mass average SAR over respective brain region), which can be seen as a realistic worst-case exposure level in real WLAN scenarios. Taking into account variations of head positions during the experiments, the resulting exposure of different brain regions may deviate from the given average SAR levels up to 10 dB. Peak spatial 10 g average SAR in all brain and all head tissues is between 1.5-3.5 and 10.4-25 mW/kg, respectively. Bioelectromagnetics.


EEG; WLAN; Wi-Fi; human study; sleep study


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