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Health Promot Perspect. 2020 Jan 28;10(1):5-7. doi: 10.15171/hpp.2020.03. eCollection 2020.

Nipah: An Interesting stance.

Author information

1
Department of Periodontics & Implantology, Manubhai Patel Dental College, Munjmahuda, Vadodara 390011, India.
2
Dr. Bristol Dental, Bristol, Connecticut, USA.

Abstract

Nipah instead was one of the most fatal outbreaks of diseases in the mankind which was initially assumed as Japanese encephalitis. A multidisciplinary exploration was done at several levels of microbiology, histopathology and genetics which led to the discovery of a new paramyxovirus named Nipah virus (NiV). The disease was primarily identified in Malaysia in 1998 and named after a village, Sungai Nipah. The main mode of transmission in the Malaysian outbreaks was thought to be the consumption of bat's dropping, urine and fruit partially eaten by pigs. In Bangladesh and northeast India, the virus was directly transmitted from bats to human through consumption of raw date palm juice. To limit the epidemic, coordinated efforts by health care providers have become mandatory. This article gives a note about the NiV, its infection and on-going researches on its management strategies. Data were collected using electronic media consisting of articles, books and websites.

KEYWORDS:

Communicable disease; Epidemics; Henipavirus infections; Nipah Virus; Review

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