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Br J Nutr. 2020 Feb 26:1-34. doi: 10.1017/S0007114520000719. [Epub ahead of print]

Effects of a high DHA multi-nutrient supplement and exercise on mobility and cognition in older women (MOBILE): A randomised semi-blinded placebo controlled study.

Author information

1
Department of Rehabilitation and Sport Sciences, Bournemouth University, U.K.
2
Department of Psychology, Bournemouth University, U.K.
3
Department of Life Sciences, University of Roehampton, U.K.

Abstract

There is a complex interplay between mobility and cognition in older adults. We have previously shown that a high DHA multi-nutrient supplement improves habitual walking speed, verbal memory, and psychomotor response latency in older women. Exercise also improves mobility and cognition in older adults, and omega-3 fatty acids and exercise share a range of overlapping biological effects. This study examined for the first time the effects of the high DHA multi-nutrient supplement and aerobic exercise on mobility and cognition in older women. Women (mean age 67 y, SD 8) were assigned to the following groups: multi-nutrient (1 g DHA, 160 mg EPA, 240 mg Ginkgo biloba, 60 mg phosphatidylserine, 20 mg d-α tocopherol, 1 mg folic acid, and 20 µg vitamin B12 per day, N = 13), multi-nutrient and exercise (spin class twice per week, N = 14), exercise and placebo (N = 12), or placebo (N = 12). The multi-nutrient was given for 24 weeks, and exercise for 12 weeks. Trial registration: NCT03228550. No treatment effects were observed for the primary outcome, habitual walking speed. Improvements in verbal memory and executive function were seen for all treatments groups versus placebo (all, p<0.05). Significant improvements in self-reported emotional wellbeing were seen with multi-nutrient and exercise groups versus placebo (p = 0.03). The results suggest that the high DHA multi-nutrient supplement produces similar improvements in cognitive function to aerobic exercise, offering the intriguing prospect that supplementation may be able to mitigate some of the effects of low physical activity on cognitive function in the elderly.

KEYWORDS:

B Vitamins3; Docosahexaenoic acid1; Gait5; Memory2; Physical Activity4

PMID:
32100647
DOI:
10.1017/S0007114520000719

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