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Cancer Manag Res. 2020 Feb 3;12:759-768. doi: 10.2147/CMAR.S231636. eCollection 2020.

The Correlation Between Computed Tomography Volumetry and Prognosis of Advanced Gastric Cancer Treated with Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy.

Author information

1
Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Purpose:

To investigate the feasibility and utility of computer tomography (CT) volumetry in evaluating the tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in advanced gastric cancer (AGC) patients.

Patients and Methods:

One hundred and seventeen Patients with AGC who received NAC followed by R0 resection between January 2006 and December 2012 were included. Tumor volumes were quantified using OsiriX software. The volume reduction rate (VRR) was calculated as follows: VRR = [(pre-chemotherapy total volume) - (post-chemotherapy total volume)]/(pre-chemotherapy total volume) × 100%. The optimal cut-off VRR for differentiating favorable from unfavorable prognosis was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Overall survival was calculated using Kaplan-Meier analysis and values were compared using the Log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was determined by the Cox proportional regression model.

Results:

The optimal cut-off VRR was 31.95% according to ROC analysis, with a sensitivity of 70.4% and a specificity of 71.7%. Based on the cut-off VRR, patients were divided into the VRR-High (VRR ≥ 31.95%, n = 63) and VRR-Low (VRR < 31.95%, n = 54) groups. The VRR-Low group exhibited a worse prognosis than that of the VRR-High group (HR, 2.85; 95% CI, 1.69-4.82, P < 0.001), with 3-year survival rates of 40.7% and 79.4%, and 5-year survival rates of 31.5% and 63.5%, respectively.

Conclusion:

CT volumetry is a feasible and reliable method for assessing the tumor response to NAC in patients with AGC.

KEYWORDS:

advanced gastric cancer; computed tomography volumetry; neoadjuvant chemotherapy

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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