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J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1988 Dec 1;193(11):1437-9.

Paraesophageal hiatal hernia and pyloric obstruction in a dog.

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Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia 65211.


Paraesophageal hiatal herniation and pyloric obstruction were diagnosed in a pup with a history of vomiting. Findings of contrast radiography included esophageal reflux, delayed gastric emptying time, and paraesophageal herniation. Exploratory celiotomy revealed increased firmness of the pylorus and a primary defect in the esophageal hiatus, which allowed gastric herniation. Nissen fundoplication was performed following reconstruction of the esophageal hiatus, and pyloroplasty was performed to relieve the gastric outlet obstruction. Pyloric biopsy findings were consistent with a diagnosis of chronic gastritis. Recovery from surgery was initially unremarkable; however, the dog died suddenly 3 weeks after surgery. Necropsy revealed a large diaphragmatic hernia adjacent to the esophageal hiatus; the hernia had resulted in incarceration of the abdominal organs. The hiatal hernia reconstruction remained intact and was not the cause of the diaphragmatic disruption.

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