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Tsitologiia. 1988 Aug;30(8):926-32.

[Ultrastructure of the mitotic chromosomes in pig embryonic kidney cells during their reversible artificial decondensation in vivo].

[Article in Russian]


Using methods of in vivo observation and ultrathin sectioning, it is shown that chromosomes of metaphase PE cells, previously treated with diluted Henk's solutions (70, 30 and 15%), undergo some structural transitions resulting in the formation of micronuclei. At the early stages of hypotonic treatment chromosomes are seen considerably swollen and losing the higher levels of organization, including the chromonema and chromomeres. The chromosomal bodies are formed by DNP fibers 10-25 nm in diameter making loops radiating from the central part of the chromatids. Chromosomes are capable of recondensing from this state by consecutive reconstitution of G-bands, chromomeres and the chromonema. The subsequent secondary decondensation of chromosomes is analogous to telophase decondensation at the normal mitosis, but it results in the formation of a great number of small nuclei (micronuclei). The chromatin structure in micronuclei as well as their ability to synthesize RNA and to replicate DNA show these effects to be reversible. It has been suggested that the loop organization of DNP may be essential for sustaining the structural integrity of the mitotic chromosome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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