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SAGE Open Med. 2020 Jan 29;8:2050312120901740. doi: 10.1177/2050312120901740. eCollection 2020.

Exploring African American community perspectives about genomic medicine research: A literature review.

Author information

1
Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
2
Southern Nevada Black Nurses Association, Las Vegas, NV, USA.
3
School of Nursing, Touro University, Henderson, NV, USA.

Abstract

Genomic medicine research is an important topic in the African American health care community. African American nurses and advance practice nursing professionals are poised to encourage and educate themselves and their communities about the importance of diversity in genomic medicine research. The Southern Nevada Black Nurses Association, a chapter within the larger National Black Nurses Association's, recently engaged in the National Institutes of Health All of Us research program to educate their members about formularies and other treatment modalities that could clinically benefit African-Americans and other populations of color. During this event, the Southern Nevada Black Nurses Association discovered that National Black Nurses Association members held ethical, legal, and social concerns about engaging in genomic medicine research that align with respective concerns reported in the literature. In this review, we discuss National Black Nurses Association concerns and how they relate to qualitative themes emerging from the literature and a recent National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine event on disparities in access to genomic medicine. We conclude that researchers should engage with African American health community leaders to effectively engage the African American community in genomic medicine research and help ensure that genomic medicine does not exacerbate existing health disparities.

KEYWORDS:

African Americans; Genomics; community health; cultural diversity; disparities; nurses

Conflict of interest statement

Declaration of conflicting interests: The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

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