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Parasite. 2020;27:9. doi: 10.1051/parasite/2020004. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Cross-species utility of microsatellite loci for the genetic characterisation of Anisakis berlandi (Nematoda: Anisakidae).

Author information

1
Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Section of Parasitology, Sapienza-University of Rome, P.le Aldo Moro 5, 00185 10 Rome, Italy - Department of Ecological and Biological Sciences, Tuscia University, Viale dell'Università s/n, 01100 Viterbo, Italy.
2
Department of Ecological and Biological Sciences, Tuscia University, Viale dell'Università s/n, 01100 Viterbo, Italy.
3
Cawthron Institute, 98 Halifax Street East, The Wood, 7010 Nelson, New Zealand.
4
Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Section of Parasitology, Sapienza-University of Rome, P.le Aldo Moro 5, 00185 10 Rome, Italy.

Abstract

in English, French

Eight microsatellite loci, recently developed in the species Anisakis pegreffii, were successfully amplified in Anisakis berlandi, sibling species of the A. simplex (s. l.) complex. They were validated on adult specimens (n = 46) of the parasite species, collected from two individuals of the definitive host, the long-finned pilot whale Globicephala melas from New Zealand waters. Among the eight loci scored, one, Anisl 07132, had null alleles in A. berlandi and was thus excluded from the subsequent genetic analysis. Two loci, Anisl 00314 and Anisl 10535, were monomorphic. In addition, as also previously detected in the other species of the A. simplex (s. l.) complex, the Anisl 7 locus was seen to be sex-linked, showing hemizygosity in male specimens. Differential allele frequency distributions of A. berlandi, with respect to those previously observed in A. pegreffii and A. simplex (s. s.), were found at some microsatellite loci. The Anisl 7 locus provided 100% diagnosis between A. berlandi and A. pegreffii, while others resulted in 99% diagnosis between A. berlandi and the other two species. Simple sequence repeat (SSR) loci also allowed us to estimate the genetic differentiation of A. berlandi from A. pegreffii (F st ≈ 0.45, Dc = 0.82) and A. simplex (s. s.) (F st ≈ 0.57, Dc = 0.73). The results suggest that SSRs provide a set of candidate markers for population genetics analysis of A. berlandi, as well as for the investigation, through a multi-locus genotyping approach, of possible patterns of hybridisation/introgression events between A. berlandi and the other two Anisakis species in sympatric conditions.

KEYWORDS:

Anisakis berlandi; Genetic diversity; Microsatellites; Nuclear markers; Sex-linkage loci

PMID:
32043965
DOI:
10.1051/parasite/2020004
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