Format

Send to

Choose Destination
BMC Genomics. 2020 Feb 10;21(1):144. doi: 10.1186/s12864-020-6556-6.

A combined microRNA and transcriptome analyses illuminates the resistance response of rice against brown planthopper.

Tan J1, Wu Y1,2, Guo J1, Li H1, Zhu L1, Chen R1, He G1, Du B3.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, China.
2
Institute for Biosciences and Biotechnology Research, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20850, USA.
3
State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, China. bodu@whu.edu.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The brown planthopper (BPH, Nilaparvata lugens Stål) is a kind of phloem-feeding pest that adversely affects rice yield. Recently, the BPH-resistance gene, BPH6, was cloned and applied in rice breeding to effectively control BPH. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying BPH6 are poorly understood.

RESULTS:

Here, an integrated miRNA and mRNA expression profiling analysis was performed on BPH6-transgenic (BPH6G) and Nipponbare (wild type, WT) plants after BPH infestation, and a total of 217 differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) and 7874 differentially expressed mRNAs (DEGs) were identified. 29 miRNAs, including members of miR160, miR166 and miR169 family were opposite expressed during early or late feeding stages between the two varieties, whilst 9 miRNAs were specifically expressed in BPH6G plants, suggesting involvement of these miRNAs in BPH6-mediated resistance to BPH. In the transcriptome analysis, 949 DEGs were opposite expressed during early or late feeding stages of the two genotypes, which were enriched in metabolic processes, cellular development, cell wall organization, cellular component movement and hormone transport, and certain primary and secondary metabolite synthesis. 24 genes were further selected as candidates for BPH resistance. Integrated analysis of the DEMs and DEGs showed that 34 miRNAs corresponding to 42 target genes were candidate miRNA-mRNA pairs for BPH resistance, 18 pairs were verified by qRT-PCR, and two pairs were confirmed by in vivo analysis.

CONCLUSIONS:

For the first time, we reported integrated small RNA and transcriptome sequencing to illustrate resistance mechanisms against BPH in rice. Our results provide a valuable resource to ascertain changes in BPH-induced miRNA and mRNA expression profiles and enable to comprehend plant-insect interactions and find a way for efficient insect control.

KEYWORDS:

BPH6; Brown planthopper; Integrated analysis; Resistance mechanism; miRNA-mRNA interaction

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center