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J Hum Reprod Sci. 2019 Oct-Dec;12(4):316-320. doi: 10.4103/jhrs.JHRS_45_19. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Outcomes of Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection in Infertile Men with Nontense Vaginal Hydrocele: A Prospective Cohort Study.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt.
Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt.



To evaluate the effect of nontense vaginal hydrocele in male partner with oligoasthenospermia on the success rates of the intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).

Patients and Methods:

Enrolled patients (n = 60) were divided into two groups: Group I who have oligoasthenospermia with nontense vaginal hydrocele (study group) and Group II who have oligoasthenospermia with no hydrocele group (control group). The primary outcomes included the fertilization and pregnancy rates whereas the secondary outcomes included any complications occurred.


There were no differences in demographic characteristics between both groups. Semen parameters were poorer in the hydrocele group than in the nonhydrocele group regarding count and motility (P < 0.001). The volume of testis was reduced significantly in the hydrocele group (P < 0.001). The results of ICSI regarding fertilization rate, number and quality of developed embryos, and pregnancy rates are not statistically different between both groups.


Hydrocele affects both sperm count and motility, but it has no effects on ICSI outcomes. Clinical pregnancy rate was comparable in patients with or without hydrocele. Hence, the surgical management of hydrocele before ICSI is not recommended.


Intracytoplasmic sperm injection; male infertility; nontense hydrocele; oligoasthenospermia

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