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J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2020 Feb 7:1-6. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.PEDS19427. [Epub ahead of print]

CSF goes astray no matter what is in the way: occipital intradiploic pseudomeningocele and de novo syringomyelia following foramen magnum decompression for Chiari I malformation in a pediatric patient.

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1Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom; and.
2Service de Neurochirurgie, Hôpital du Valais, Centre Hospitalier du Valais Romand (CHVR), Hôpital de Sion, Switzerland.


Nontraumatic intradiploic pseudomeningoceles and de novo syringomyelia formation are very rare entities. The authors have previously reported the case of a 4-year-old girl who underwent foramen magnum decompression without dural closure for Chiari I malformation. Three years after the operation an intradiploic pseudomeningocele was documented, but the patient was lost to follow-up without undergoing revision surgery. Four years later, at the age of 11 years, the patient returned for treatment of intensifying symptoms. Radiological imaging then showed an increase in the size of the intradiploic pseudomeningocele and a new cervical syrinx. The patient underwent a first revision surgery in which a part of the internal layer of the occipital bone was removed and arachnoid scar lysis was performed. Two months later the syrinx had worsened, and in a second revision surgery a pseudomeningocele-peritoneal shunt was placed. Here, the authors describe what is to their knowledge the first case of an intradiploic pseudomeningocele and de novo syringomyelia formation following Chiari I decompressive surgery.


Chiari I malformation; complication; foramen magnum decompression; iatrogenic; intradiploic; syringomyelia


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