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Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2020 Feb 6. doi: 10.4103/ijdvl.IJDVL_139_18. [Epub ahead of print]

Lymphangiomas: Rare presentations in oral cavity and scrotum in pediatric age group.

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Department of Dermatology, Topiwala National Medical College and B.Y.L. Nair Ch. Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.


The incidence of lymphangioma is 1.2 to 2.8/1000 newborns. They present at birth/before 2 years, with predilection for the head and neck (50%-70%). The buccal mucosa is the second most common site reported (14 cases reported) after the anterior two-thirds of tongue. The scrotum is a rare site with less than 50 cases reported (till 2002). Involvement of vital structures, aesthetic, and functional requirements may necessitate treatments such as surgical excision, radiation, cryotherapy, electrocautery, sclerotherapy, embolization, ligation, and laser. Two rare cases - the first being primary, late-onset buccal lymphangioma, with vesicular presentation, and the second being genital lymphangioma involving the right side of scrotum, thigh, and groin with extension to the left groin - are highlighted.


Buccal mucosa; lymphangiomas; scrotum


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