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J Family Community Med. 2020 Jan-Apr;27(1):37-45. doi: 10.4103/jfcm.JFCM_185_19. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Quality of life of migraine patients followed in neurology clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

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1
Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Migraine is a chronic disorder that negatively affects a patient's quality of life (QOL). As little is known about the QOL of migraine sufferers in Saudi Arabia, our aim was to investigate the QOL and the level of migraine-associated disability of migraine patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This cross-sectional study was conducted in neurology clinics at King Abdulaziz Medical City for National Guard and Prince Sultan Military Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from August to December 2018. The migraine-specific QOL questionnaire (MSQ), version 2.1, was used to measure restrictive, preventive, and emotional domains. The sum of the item responses ranged between 0 and 100, with higher scores indicating better QOL. A descriptive analysis of numerical variables was reported in terms of means and standard deviation, while categorical variables were described using frequencies and percentages.

RESULTS:

A total of 300 migraine patients completed the questionnaire; 67% were females. Age of participants ranged from 20 to 53 years, with mean age of 34.21 (SD=7.26). The mean score in the QOL restrictive domain was 51.8 ± 19, whereas the mean scores for preventive and emotional domains were 54 ± 18 and 46.3 ± 23.4, respectively. Low QOL scores were associated with young ages, long disease duration, frequent migraine attacks, and presence of chronic diseases.

CONCLUSION:

Chronic migraine has a negative impact on QOL, predominantly in young patients, patients with frequent attacks, those not using preventive medications, and those suffering from chronic diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic disease; disability; headache

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