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Int J Biol Sci. 2020 Jan 14;16(4):708-718. doi: 10.7150/ijbs.39843. eCollection 2020.

Septin4 Prevents PDGF-BB-induced HAVSMC Phenotypic Transformation, Proliferation and Migration by Promoting SIRT1-STAT3 Deacetylation and Dephosphorylation.

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Department of Cardiology, the First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China.
Key Laboratory of Medical Cell Biology, Ministry of Education; Institute of Translational Medicine, China Medical University; Liaoning Province Collaborative Innovation Center of Aging Related Disease Diagnosis and Treatment and Prevention, Shenyang, Liaoning, China.


SIRT1 and STAT3 are key to human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (HAVSMCs) proliferation, migration and phenotypic transformation, but the regulatory mechanism of SIRT1-STAT3 in this process is still unclear. Septin4 is a cytoskeleton-related protein that regulates oxidative stress-vascular endothelial injury. However, the role and underlying mechanism of Septin4 in atherosclerosis remains unknown. Here, we revealed the role and mechanism of Septin4 in regulating SIRT1-STAT3 in atherosclerosis. We determined that the expression of Septin4 were markedly increased in Apoe-/- atherosclerosis mice and PDGF-BB-induced HAVSMCs. Knockdown of Septin4 significantly increased PDGF-BB-induced HAVSMCs proliferation, migration and phenotypic transformation, while overexpression of Septin4 had the opposite effects. Mechanically, co-immunoprecipitation results demonstrated that Septin4 was a novel interacting protein of STAT3 and SIRT1. Septin4 formed a complex with SIRT1-STAT3, enhancing the interaction between SIRT1 and STAT3, ensuing promoting SIRT1-regulated STAT3-K685 deacetylation and STAT3-Y705 dephosphorylation, which inhibited PDGF-BB-induced HAVSMCs proliferation, migration and phenotype transformation. Therefore, our findings provide novel insights into the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis.


Atherosclerosis.; SIRT1; STAT3; Septin4

Conflict of interest statement

Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interest exists.

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